Polio free india 2012

Polio free india 2012



There are pockets in india where Muslims are told that it is against religion and makes the child impotent. Related articles. Clinically indistinguishable from polio paralysis but twice as deadly, the incidence of NPAFP was directly proportional to doses of oral polio received. . India is polio free, but faces threat of virus from Pakistan - India is all geared up to be tagged ‘polio-free,’ in February by the Indian Government after not a single case of polio was reported in the past three years within the country’s boundaries. polio free india 2012 No polio case reported in India for the last 3 years An army of 2. The announcement means 80% of the world is now officially free of polio, although the disease is still endemic in Aug 04, 2014 · India has not reported any case of polio since a two-year old girl got polio paralysis on 13 January 2011 in Howrah district of West Bengal. Certification of polio eradication occurs at three levels. This historic achievement The last polio case in India was reported from Howrah district of Bengal on January 13, 2011. UNICEF is fully committed to working with the Government of India to ensure that each child born in this country gets the best start in life, thrives and develops to his or her full potential. WHO declared India as Polio-free in 2014. India is marking three years since its last reported polio case, a landmark in the global battle against the disease. January 2012 marked the first full year that India has not reported a single case of polio--a remarkable fact given that the disease was until recently endemic in the country. Despite India having stopped polio transmission, every effort is still being made to identify and reach populations on the move with oral polio vaccine at railway stations, bus stops and other transit sites. India on January 13, 2012, has touched a milestone of being polio free for one whole year. “In 2012, we need to keep India and all the other places that are polio-free from getting re-infected,” he said. poliovirus globally occurred in 1999 in India. Ghulam Nabi Azad, India’s minister of Health and Family Welfare, made the announcement at the Polio Summit 2012 in New Delhi on 25 February. India had already achieved the milestone when it was removed from the list of Polio endemic countries by the World Health Organization (WHO) in February 2012; becoming Polio free would be amongst the biggest achievements of the country. It is the effect of poliomyelitis virus on the spinal cord that leads to the classic manifestation of paralysis. Stopping polio in India will prevent a recurrence of the polio outbreaks – due to virus of Indian origin – seen in recent years in countries as diverse as Angola, Bangladesh, Nepal, Russia and Tajikistan. The World Health Organization recently declared India as almost polio free because no cases have been reported in more than a year. They know that much work remains until India can be certified polio-free along with the other countries in South East Asia. “Now that India has become polio-free, we have crossed that rubicon”, Aylward states. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, holds up India as a prime example of its success at eradicating polio, stating on its website (Jan. Once India is declared polio-free, the entire WHO UNICEF Annual Report 2012 for India, ROSA Page 1 of 57 to Executive Summary As of 13 January 2012, India had not had a case of wild poliovirus for a full year, and stood close to eradicating polio. On 25 February, during the Summit, India is removed from the list of polio endemic countries by WHO. 17, 2012) – India, once recognized as the world’s epicenter of polio, appears to have interrupted wild poliovirus transmission, completing one year without polio since its last case, in a two-year-old girl in the state of West Bengal, on January 13, 2011. “We are polio-free, but neighbouring countries like Pakistan and Afghanistan, besides African nations like Nigeria have the polio virus circulating in their country. Using the Pulse Polio campaign to increase polio immunization rates, India recorded just 66 cases in 2005, down from 135 cases reported in 2004, 225 in 2003, and 1,600 in 2002. INDIAN PEDIATRICS 96 VOLUME 49__FEBRUARY 16, 2012 JOHN AND VASHISHTHA PATH TO POLIO ERADICATION IN INDIA WPV type 2 was last seen in 1999 – its eradication was the first milestone. This places the WHO SEA Region, of which India is a member, on track to be certified polio-free as early as 2014. I have explained the possible reasons why he did not patent the vaccine here: Why didn't Jonas Salk patent the polio …By 2001, 575 million children (almost one-tenth the world's population) had received some 2 billion doses of oral polio vaccine. This and the fact that cases of polio caused by the oral polio vaccine (OPV) are not being reflected as polio have ensured that India is into its second year of “polio free” status. polio free india 2012India National PolioPlus Society is a non-profit organization. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative gained a great success in India in the last one year, especially on the epidemiology of type 1 wild poliovirus (WPV), by the intensive use of monovalent oral polio vaccine (OPV) type 1. India, which has been polio-free for over a year now, was on Saturday taken off the list of polio endemic countries by the World Health Organisation. The World Health Organization announced that Europe was polio-free on 21 June 2002, in the Copenhagen Glyptotek. Polio-Free: It took 2 mn footsoldiers and 35 yrs for India to win the battle It was once thought impossible, but a 35-year-fight has won India its biggest public health success story. By passing one full year without recording any cases, India. Last month in 2012. “We've crossed from our primary barrier being technological or biological feasibility to one of political and societal will. Yet it has now been polio free for over four years and the justification for SMNet based on the needs of the eradication effort are increasingly difficult to support. . By early 2014 India could be certified free of WPV transmission, if no indigenous transmission occurs, the chance of which is considered zero. India Polio Free THIS IS WHAT IT TAKES OT RID THE WORLD OF POLIO. After years of massive efforts and immunisation drives, India was finally certified by WHO as polio-free in March 2014. Critical need to maintain immunity to poliovirus in India until global eradication achieved. Close shot, child suffering from polio playing with colored plates 22. The weakness most often involves the legs but may less commonly involve the muscles of the head, neck and diaphragm. Abstract. Singh spoke about how History of Polio in India Mass polio vaccination campaigns - 1995 Monovalent OPV April 2005 OPV, Oral Polio Vaccine RI, Routine Immunization SIAs, Supplementary Immunization Activities Number of Cases Type 2 Eradicated in 1999 Bivalent OPV Jan 2010 OPV Introduced in RI - 1978 India, once deemed the most difficult place to end polio, recorded its last case on 13 January 2011, enabling completion of regional certification. 13, 2011, in a 2-year-old girl from Howrah District, West Bengal, a community with elevated vaccine refusal rates. The South-East Asia Regional Certification Commission for Polio Eradication declared the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) polio-free on 27 March 2014. By 2001, 575 million children (almost one-tenth the world's population) had received some 2 billion doses of oral polio vaccine. " India has been considered ‘polio-free’ for over 6 India, which last reported a fresh polio case more than 12 months ago, now will have to remain polio free for the next two years to be judged to have eradicated the disease, WHO representative in Using the Pulse Polio campaign to increase polio immunization rates, India recorded just 66 cases in 2005, down from 135 cases reported in 2004, 225 in 2003, and 1,600 in 2002. Jan 13, 2014 Immunization efforts in India must not decline, because wild-type and Pakistan reported 58 polio cases in 2012, and 85 so far in 2013; for India polio-free for one year. The disease is endemic in only 3 countries, but unless we reach every child with the vaccine, no child anywhere is safe. India achieved a major milestone in 2012 with the World Health Organization striking it off the list of polio endemic countries on 25 February 2012, after India completed one year without any case of polio. India was removed from the WHO list of polio endemic countries in February 2012; its last reported case was in January 2011. In February, the World Health Organization removed India from the list of polio-endemic countries, but India has two more years until it can be declared fully polio-free. For three years, India has not recorded a new case of polio, a critical achievement that puts the entire region on target to be certified polio-free. 5 percent of cases there is muscle weakness resulting in an inability to move. Puliyel. Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. India was a signatory to the 1988 WHO treaty committing participating nations to be part of that effort. Approximately 80% of 2013 cases were concentrated in the. Mar 1, 2012 NEW DELHI, India, 1 March 2012 – On Saturday, 25 February, 2012, to the Government of India on the morning of the Polio Summit 2012 in May 4, 2016 India's success in eliminating wild polio viruses has been recognized of wild poliovirus transmission - worldwide, January 2011-March 2012. In 1985, Rotary International launched its global effort to end polio everywhere. DELHI -- India had a year free of polio cases but in Pakistan the numbers are rising. India, Formerly The World’s Epicenter Of Polio, Celebrates A Polio-Free Year India, once recognized as the world’s epicenter of polio, appears to have completed one year without polio since its last case in January 13, 2011. India, which last reported a fresh polio case more than 12 months ago, now will have to remain polio free for the next two years to be judged to have eradicated the disease, WHO representative in In 2012, Polio remains officially endemic in four countries - Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and India, which is on the verge of being removed from the list having not had a case since January 2011. The possibility of a polio-free India was once unthinkable. ” FILE – 2000, INDIA 21. According to UNICEF, in 1985, India had 150,000 cases of polio. The website states that they were the first to produce the vaccine in India. The success of the last case on January 13, 2011 has been sustained for 2 years. Aylward recalled a speech by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh At the polio summit in Delhi in February, a celebration of country's first polio-free year in history. The words polio (grey) and myelon (marrow, indicating the spinal cord) are derived from the Greek. The result of this fiasco is a plan to give non-live polio vaccines—and it comes at huge cost, negating the reason India completed a full 5 years as a “polio-free nation” on January 13, 2016. The Emergency Action Plan 2012–2013. 10 th, 2010, you will observe the 14 th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, administering bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) to an infant at the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in the Indian state of Bihar, Buddhism's holiest site – the very place where Guatama Buddha is believed to have attained Polio is an infectious disease, contracted predominantly by children, that can lead to the permanent paralysis of various body parts and can ultimately cause death by …In 2012, CDC, in collaboration with India’s National Centre for Disease Control, established the India Epidemic Intelligence Service Programme (EIS) – a post-graduate field training program modeled after the US CDC EIS Program. The last case of polio from India was reported in 2011. of India, hosts Polio Summit 2012to renew commitment and Wild poliovirus has not been found in India since 13 January 2011 meaning that, from that date, India is no longer a country where polio is endemic. However, the real challenge lies in eradicating polio from India In 2011, polio from Pakistan had infected China to cause an outbreak in southern Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Currently, the wild polio virus, which attacks the nervous system leading to childhood paralytic disease, is confined to Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan. Rukshar Khatoon, the last person in India to contract polio, looks out from a bamboo fence at her home in Shahpara Village, 60 kilometers (40 miles) west of Kolkata, India, Thursday, March 27, 2014. As of Friday, January 13, 2011, India has gone an entire year without a case of polio. In 2002, an outbreak of polio occurred in India. The last indigenous polio case dates back to 1994. The World Health Organization has officially removed India from the list of polio-endemic countries. to the polio-free status of India. Other countries such as Sri Lanka, Maldives and Bhutan have been polio-free and waiting for this day for more than 15 years. India is marking full year since last reported case of polio, country won't be considered completely polio-free until at least three full years pass without a caseIndia has been free of polio for over one year. Recent importations into polio-free countries namely Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Israel, Syria and Cameroon have further aggravated the risk of importation of the virus into India. As no WPV was identified throughout the high-transmission season in 2012, India is regarded as free of WPV polio. The Initiative has achieved 2002: Rotary International hosts Polio Summit in India to accelerate Polio 2012: February, Rotary International jointly with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. This post originally appeared in the Wall Street Journal. Who we are. On World Polio Day today, India, which was declared polio-free in March 2014, has a lot of reasons to cheer. was declared polio-free. The total number of polio cases in 2012 from endemic and non-endemic countries can be seen here. India, which has been polio-free for over a year now, was today taken off the list of polio endemic countries by the World Health If all pending samples for the virus test negative, India – once regarded as the world’s epicentre for polio – will become free of the disease for the first time in its history, reducing the number of polio-endemic countries to three: Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. of India, hosts Polio Summit 2012to renew commitment and efforts to ending Polio. The announcement was made in Delhi at a polio summit. How did India accomplish this significant milestone in the fight against polio? Every year from about 2006 to 2009 India was faced with over 500 polio cases. it was the first anniversary of the last reported wild polio case from india. Six years ago today, you became polio-free, bringing the world that much closer to eradicating the crippling childhood disease altogether. • Thanks to millions of vaccinators and hundreds of millions of #vaccines, #India is polio-free. In 2011, polio from Pakistan had infected China to cause an outbreak in southern Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. However, despite the effective push-back against the resurgence of polio, global efforts to wipe out polio by 2012 are looking increasingly shaky. This can occur over a few hours to a few days. India went from having half of the world’s polio cases in 2009 to becoming free of the disease in 2012. The next challenge is to maintain another 24 months of polio free status to truly be able to say that endemic wild polio transmission in India is a thing of the past, and to use the experience and infrastructure to raise the rates of immunization coverage among all children for the other diseases for which vaccines are available. Aug 09, 2012 · Salk was not called the "Father of Biophilosophy" without reason. In 2004, 12,000 cases of [allegedly] non-polio paralysis were reported which increased to 53,563 cases by 2012. Polio is an infectious disease, contracted predominantly by children, that can lead to the permanent paralysis of various body parts and can ultimately cause death by immobilizing the patient's breathing muscles. In about 0. In 2011, there were an extra 47,500 new cases of NPAFP. This is a remarkable accomplishment, considering that just 30 years ago the country recorded 200,000 cases of …Another way the public is being misled about India’s claims to be polio-free is that live virus polio vaccine is causing vaccine strain polio in an unknown number of children and adults. In the photograph above, taken on Jan. Polio Eradication (SEA-RCC) in March 2014 to declare the 11-country South-East Asia Region (SEAR), which includes India,* to be free from circulating indigenous WPV. In contrast, India contributed half the world’s polio cases in 2009. 2 billion. As recently as 2009, India reported almost half the world’s cases – 741 out of a total 1604 cases worldwide. The Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Ghulam Nabi Azad, received the official Poliovirus can travel easily to polio-free areas. At the Polio 2012 Summit, New Delhi 25-26 February 2012: “This [India’s removal from the list of countries with active transmission of endemic polio] gives us hope that we can finally eradicate polio not only from India but from the face of the entire mother earth…POLIO ENDGAME STRATEGIC PLAN AND LEGACY PLANNING DRAFT - 23 October 4 3. Yemen, Indonesia and Sudan, countries that had been declared polio-free since before 2000, each reported hundreds of cases—probably imported from Nigeria. Further, ‘the available data shows that the incidents tracked back to areas were doses of the polio vaccine were frequently administered. The Government of India achieved victory over polio by refusing to rest until every child – even the hardest to reach – was immunized. The long fight against Polio is not over, but the announcement this week by the WHO is a huge tactical victory. What now for polio free India? Is the question asked in the latest edition of India Polio Communications Update. India's success in eliminating wild polio viruses has been recognized internationally. Published on Feb 24, 2012 Rotary District 6440 Team, with members from other Rotary clubs and districts join local health workers in India to immunize children against polio. “The last polio virus recorded in Jigawa was in Oct. The last case recorded in the country was in the state of West Bengal early in January 2011. India—Pakistan’s mortal rival—has not had a case of polio since 2011 and was declared officially free of the disease last year. On March 27, the country is officially certified polio-free. Polio Now. It is seen as confirmation of one of India's biggest public health successes India appears to have succeeded in the fight against polio, with no new cases reported in the country since January 2011. The absence of a new polio case in India is a milestone in the decades-long effort to wipe the poliovirus from the face of the planet. Mar 1, 2012 NEW DELHI, India, 1 March 2012 – On Saturday, 25 February, 2012, to the Government of India on the morning of the Polio Summit 2012 in Jan 13, 2014 In 2012 the World Health Organisation (WHO) removed India from the list of polio-endemic countries. We also committed to tackling malaria, new paediatric HIV infections, maternal and regions of the world, have been certified Poilo free. Three years years fighting polio in India // 4 Technical toolbox: Planning polio's legacy. Rotary District 6440 Team, with members from other Rotary clubs and districts join local health workers in India to immunize children against polio. The country has remained free of the disease ever since thanks to sustained vaccination campaigns. SOUNDBITE (English) Karin Hulshof, UNICEF Representative, India: “Congratulations to the government of India for keeping India polio free for the last 12 months there hasn’t been a single case. China had previously been polio-free since 1999 when an importation from India had occurred. Radhakrishnan, former President of India, is celebrated as the Teachers Day, acknowledging the great contribution of Teachers in training t…A bold experiment from Duke University that uses the polio virus to fight a deadly form of brain cancer will now be fast-tracked by the FDAPolio, often thought of as synonymous with paralysis and disability, has been given a new name in India. I have explained the possible reasons why he did not patent the vaccine here: Why didn't Jonas Salk patent the polio …. "For each round of pulse polio there was an increase of 1. The last confirmed case of wild poliovirus 1 occurred Jan. Unless we eradicate polio, within 10 years we could see as many as 200,000 new cases each year, all over the world. January 12, 2012, marked a significant milestone for India. AsianScientist (Jan. Only a few years ago, India reported more polio cases than Health workers and volunteers immunize 165 million children in China and India in 1 week. [8] Global Polio Eradication Initiative, “Polio in India: Fact Sheet,” accessed 01 February 2012. New Delhi: India and 10 other Asian countries were formally declared polio-free by the World Health Organization (WHO) Thursday. ” The mission for polio vaccinators around the world remains a dangerous, even deadly, one despite today marking the one-year anniversary since the last reported case of polio in India. AMG Management and School and College students celebrated Teachers Day today. Margaret Chan notified India's minister of Health and Family Welfare, Ghulam Nabi Azad that India was officially removed from the list of polio-endemic countries after successfully remaining polio free for one year. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a public-private partnership led by national governments with five partners – the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. 13 January 2012. Rotary launches the PolioPlus Partners program, enabling Rotary members in polio-free countries to provide support to fellow members in polio-affected countries for polio eradication activities. Three years Jan 13, 2014 Immunization efforts in India must not decline, because wild-type and Pakistan reported 58 polio cases in 2012, and 85 so far in 2013; for India polio-free for one year. He added that the agency, in collaboration with other stakeholders was doing its best in Latur (Maharashtra), June 23: In a severe setback to the government's efforts to make the country polio-free, an 11-month-old male child succumbed to the dreaded virus in a government hospital The WHO declared India “polio free” in May 2014, so why are close to half a million young Indians experiencing polio-like paralysis? In the recent study, NPAFP rates in Indian states from 2000 to 2017 were examined and again found a high correlation between the number of pulse polio rounds India has been considered ‘polio-free’ for over 6 years. With this Wild poliovirus has not been found in India since 13 January 2011 meaning that, from that date, India is no longer a country where polio is endemic. This interactive map shows polio cases and disease surveillance indicators worldwide within the desired timeframe and available data, as well as environmental samples in endemic countries. While significant milestone for india. The free polio vaccination cost the government Rs 1000 crore ( $160 million ) . By passing one full year without recording any cases, India is no longer considered a polio-endemic country. Marking a “Polio Free” Year in India Dr. As of January 13, India has been polio-free for three years, which means that there have been no new cases of polio seen in the country. Jan 13, 2014 Immunization efforts in India must not decline, because wild-type and Pakistan reported 58 polio cases in 2012, and 85 so far in 2013; for India polio-free for one year. From the remarkable history of the vaccine’s discovery to the 100 percent eradication of the virus in the country, here is the complete story of India’s long but successful battle against polio. This is clearly demonstrated by India’s success in stopping polio in January 2011, in arguably the most technically-challenging place, and polio-free certification of the entire South-East Asia Region of WHO occurred in March 2014. That landmark achievement is now prompting the question, ‘what next?‘ On the campaign trail, leaders CHANDIGARH: A drive to create awareness about making India a polio-free nation has brought six Rotarians to the city. This week will mark the one-year anniversary of the last polio case in the second-most populous country. 3 million vaccinators, who visited over 200 million households to ensure that the nearly 170 million children (under five years in age) were India’s ‘Polio Free’ status might be at risk The ministry of health and WHO has upped their surveillance in Uttar Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra where the contaminated vaccines were The Polio Global Eradication Initiative (PGEI), founded in 1988 by the World Health Organization, Rotary International, UNICEF, and the U. Today India completed one full year of being Polio free. The oral polio vaccine was introduced in India in 1978, a year before the U. The Government's and partners' efforts have finally paid off and the occasion is being hailed as India's 'greatest public health achievement'. This is a major milestone that should be celebrated. On February 25, 2012, WHO directed that India be struck off from the list of polio-endemic countries. The last case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) was reported in 2011 in the state of West Bengal, India and after that on 25th February 2012, WHO removed India from list of polio-endemic countries India polio-free for one year 13 January 2012 A year has passed since the last reported case of poliomyelitis in India, which occurred on 13 January 2011 in a two year old girl in Howrah, West Bengal. India is polio-free. There is no cure for the diseases though vaccination can [7] Pasteur Institute of India’s website, accessed 01 February 2012. However, in 2014, India was officially declared polio-free, along with the rest of the South-East Asia Region. Though the World Health Organisation took India off the list of polio endemic countries in February 2012, it will declare it "polio free" only if no fresh case is reported till the end of this year. Global polio eradication partners today congratulated India for passing a year without polio, for the first time in history. POLIO ENDGAME STRATEGIC PLAN AND LEGACY PLANNING DRAFT - 23 October 4 3. com reports, over 50 percent of the world’s polio cases were concentrated in India, and the combination of the The Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) Federal Capita Territory Chapter (FCT) has called on stakeholders in the health sector to ensure that Nigeria is free from polio by 2019. Cheering India’s polio gains Posted on March 7, 2012 by Rotary International Ramesh Ferris, a member of the Rotary Club of Whitehorse-Rendezvous, Yukon, Canada, visits with a polio survivor while in India for the recent summit. 11 January 2012 - On Friday, India marks a huge public health milestone – a year since a case of polio was found in the country – a critical step in being declared polio-free and an achievement that many experts long argued was impossible. JANUARY 2012, NEW DELHI, INDIA 20. January 12, 2012, marked a (9). Yesterday, the Times of India reports: India has reported its first case of vaccine derived polio virus (VDPV) infection of Health officials are hailing a polio breakthrough in India, once recognised as the global epicentre of the crippling disease, as the country marked one year since the last recorded case. Bobby John -- Global Health Advocates India January 13, 2012. This is a remarkable accomplishment, considering that just 30 years ago the Although the WHA decision to eradicate polio was taken in 1988, India's efforts to implement it Mar 1, 2012 NEW DELHI, India, 1 March 2012 – On Saturday, 25 February, 2012, to the Government of India on the morning of the Polio Summit 2012 in Wild poliovirus has not been found in India since 13 January 2011 meaning that, from that date, India is no longer a country where polio is endemic. India on Wednesday completed five years of being polio-free. Two weeks after WHO took India off the polio-endemic list it seems that the disease is back in last country to eradicate polio. A good number of families have not adopted pulse polio movement. 2018,’’ Kabir said. India overcame huge challenges to stop poliovirus transmission, implementing strategies with unrelenting focus and rigour, continually evaluating theOnly about 30 years later, India appears to be polio free after an intensive, government-led vaccination campaign. It was the first anniversary of the last reported wild polio case from India. …while India has been polio-free for a year, there has been a huge increase in non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (NPAFP). India is now polio-free! The World Health Organization gives a clean chit on the current polio status in India and the Thanks to a sustained eradication campaign, India has completed a year without recording a new case of Polio virus. It is a huge cause of concern,” said Dr SD Gupta, president, IIHMR University. With this Wild poliovirus has not been found in India since 13 January 2011 meaning that, from that date, India is no longer a country where polio is endemic. ; No new case in India for 23 months 2011 Jan-Dec 2011:650 cases 2012:202 cases (553 for Jan 1–Nov 27 in 2011) 5 UN General Assembly Special Event on Polio, September 2012 “I have made eradicating polio a top priority for my second term as Secretary-General. India, which once had the highest number of polio cases in the world, is now polio-free, an achievement the World Health Organisation certified today. India, of course, will have to keep up its vaccination campaigns to remain Polio free. India’s being declared polio-free is particularly important because it was the only country in the South East Asian region with polio cases. Polio, also known as poliomyelitis, is a very infectious viral disease that is spread from person to person. The causes are not hard to identify: the oral polio vaccine and redefinition of polio-induced paralysis to “acute flaccid paralysis”. Now But last week the global health community in India attained a milestone that will ensure that we remember Friday the 13 th as a day of progress and hope. The last such case from Bihar was reported from Dhaka in East Champaran district in September 2010. They kickstarted their drive in two cars from Kochi, Kerala, on December 11, 2011. Vashisht and Dr. As of 2012 polio remains endemic in only three countries, Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Polio vaccinations are held 608 times annually and 2 . The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) considered India to be the most difficult region of the world to eliminate wild polio virus It comes after India officially recorded three years without a new case of polio. Yet in 2012 India achieved a major milestone. a case of polio in #India. #endpolio • #India will soon be certified polio-free, proving we can eradicate the disease everywhere and #endpolio forever. 1 It was a remarkable feat considering the odds against achieving this status. India is marking full year since last reported case of polio, country won't be considered completely polio-free until at least three full years pass without a case After this charade is maintained for one more year, India will be certified by the WHO as “polio free” and will be showcased as a success story of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative that was launched in 1988 by the World Health Assembly. She was afflicted with the wild polio virus in January 2011. Although the WHA decision to eradicate polio was taken in 1988, India's efforts to implement it India has made unprecedented progress against polio in the last two years, 2012, India will reach a major milestone in the history of polio eradication – a 12- Aug 22, 2015 WHO on 24th February 2012 removed India from the list of “endemic Steps taken by the Government to maintain polio free status in India. Earlier this year, the World Health Organisation had removed India from the list of polio-endemic countries. According to The UNO's World Health Organization has congratulated India on taking important steps towards eradicating poliomyelitis. In 2002 when 1,556 cases of polio emerged in India, the government attempted a media campaign to increase vaccination coverage. Though India -- a nation of 1. India’s last reported case of the sometimes-fatal disease was a two-year-old girl in West Bengal State on 13 January 2011. Will India's PAIN partners stop polio by the end of 2012, the latest deadline set by the global initiative? Observers expect India's success to give the entire program a badly needed boost. Since January 2011, there were no reported cases of the disease in India and hence in February 2012 the country was taken off the WHO list of polio endemic countries. 35/100,000, where the expected rate is 1–2/100,000. CONTEXT In January 2012, a fourth WHO Region (South East Asia) became polio-free as India passed theGroupe Français de liaison et d'information post-polio (French only) - "They quote Halstead book extensively, they give names of doctors in different places, they have an article on psychology where a psychologist (PPS) mentions these A-type thing but dismisses as American silliness , give administrative info about rights and such" - 03/25/2001An infant receives polio vaccine from the Dalai Lama UNICEF/India. The strategies for polio eradication work when they are fully implemented. An opportunity to end polio A health worker administers polio drops to a girl at a railway station during an immunization drive in Mumbai, India, Friday, Feb. The announcement means 80% of the world is now officially free of polio, although the disease is still endemic in It comes after India officially recorded three years without a new case of polio. The last child to be crippled by polio in India was a 2-year-old girl in West Bengal, whose case was confirmed on Jan. Ruksa Khatun is the last of her kind. Applying lessons learned from these case examples could make a critical difference in other countries. Year in polio 2011 A year has passed since the last reported case of poliomyelitis in India, which occurred on 13 Jun 6, 2012 global polio 2012 India has been free of polio for over one year. I am not sure though how long India will be polio free, I will only be satisfied if no new cases crop for next three or four years. Year in polio 2011 A year has passed since the last reported case of poliomyelitis in India, which occurred on 13 Jun 6, 2012 global polio 2012 India has been free of polio for over one year. 3 million vaccinators deployed India to make polio vaccination compulsory for travellers from endemic countries [NEW DELHI] India announced on Monday that it has eliminated the wild poliovirus and awaits formal certification by the This and the fact that cases of polio caused by the oral polio vaccine (OPV) are not being reflected as polio have ensured that India is now declared “polio free” and is being showcased as a success story of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative that was launched in 1988 by the World Health Assembly. Bangladesh recovered from an outbreak in 2006 and is considered polio free. 3 million vaccinators are used to immunise more than 170 million children yearly. • A shortfall in the funding needed for polio eradication activities in polio affected and at-risk countries continues to pose a serious threat the achievement of a polio free world. Yet it has now been polio free for over four years and the justification for SMNet based on the needs of the eradication effort are increasingly difficult to …India has a surge of children with paralysis. The poliovirus has popped up in other places recently — notably China , where cases were imported from Pakistan, and Chad , from Nigeria. India has now been polio-free for one full year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Year in polio 2011 A year has passed since the last reported case of poliomyelitis in India, which occurred on 13 Jan 13, 2011 last country to eradicate polio. CONTEXT In January 2012, a fourth WHO Region (South East Asia) became polio-free as India passed theAn autopsy case of progressive generalized muscle atrophy over 14 years due to post-polio syndrome - -2015 Oki 1, Uchino A, Izumi Y, Ogawa H, Murayama S, Kaji R [ABSTRACT] - 12/01/2015An infant receives polio vaccine from the Dalai Lama UNICEF/India. India is now considered a polio-free nation by the Government of India, National Polio Surveillance Project (NPSP) and by Clip: 02/20/2012 | 7m 9s Health officials in India are close to wiping out polio, a disease forgotten in most of the world but still endemic in some developing countries. India has worked hard to eradicate polio through vaccinations, and the country earned polio-free status recently, that is free of polio not caused by the very vaccines meant to eradicate it. But it's been a long road to get here. India’s ‘Polio Free’ status might be at risk The ministry of health and WHO has upped their surveillance in Uttar Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra where the contaminated vaccines were India reported its last case of polio on Jan 13 last year, from Kolkata West Bengal. Only three years ago, India had more polio cases than any nation, he noted. A polio-free India means that there are just three nations where polio is considered endemic: Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. The country reported the last case of polio on 13 January, 2011 from the state of West Bengal. Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria remain Wild poliovirus has not been found in India since 13 January 2011 meaning that, from that date, India is no longer a country where polio is endemic. Such lessons would also greatly inform other programs that seek India is now polio-free! The World Health Organization gives a clean chit on the current polio status in India and the South East Asia. If no fresh case is reported till 2014, the country will be declared polio free. · January 12, 2012 · India is celebrating it's first polio-free year. After all, India constituted over 60% of all global polio cases as recently as 2009. Polio-free India inspires Dr. While India Polio Free, Neighbours Remain A Concern | Monday October 24, 2016 . India marks the achievement of moving from being a polio-endemic country to polio-free. India Records One Year Without Polio Cases | Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation One year polio free in India is a major achievement; the country was once the world’s epicentre of polio JANUARY 05, 2012 April 18, 2012 “There were 47,500 cases of non-polio paralysis reported in 2011, the same year India was declared “polio-free,” according to Dr. The last child paralyzed by polio in India got sick on January 13, 2011, and surveillance for wild polioviruses in sewage has not turned up the pathogen in more than a year. This is a remarkable accomplishment, considering that just 30 years ago the Although the WHA decision to eradicate polio was taken in 1988, India's efforts to implement it Aug 22, 2015 WHO on 24th February 2012 removed India from the list of “endemic Steps taken by the Government to maintain polio free status in India. It was on January 13, 2011 that the last child with Polio was diagnosed. The highest NPAFP rates were seen in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, where there was an increase of 2. Polio is a highly infectious viral disease that leads to irreversible paralysis and used to cripple more than 50,000 children in the NEW DELHI, Jan 12 (AlertNet) - India is about to hit a milestone in its battle to eradicate the polio virus with no new cases reported in the past year, the country's health minister said on 9 October 2012 marks the 12-month anniversary since China’s last polio case had onset of paralysis. 24, 2012. The number of non-polio AFP cases began reducing in UP and Bihar in 2012, a year after the last polio case was reported in West Bengal and as the two states cut down the oral vaccine doses delivered. Come together for campuswide Student Success Summit. If the country produces 12 straight months of polio-free surveillance data, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative will drop India from the list of polio-endemic countries. The National Polio Surveillance Project data show that the polio eradication program has increased paralysis among children—from 3,047 cases yearly in 1997 to 61,038 cases in 2012, most now being classified as AFP instead of polio. Infectious diseases will always be a threat, but PCI continues to work hard to ensure that preventable infections such as polio stay out of communities and remain history. For a country that accounted for over half of the world's polio cases until 2009 (1), this achievement is remarkable. Although India’s neighbors Afghanistan and Pakistan, along with Nigeria, continue to be polio-endemic countries, India has now been taken off that list. After that all weekly tests from sewer samples, where polio is generally found, have been coming clear. In view of this risk, all states have revised their emergency preparedness and response plans and have identified rapid Another way the public is being misled about India’s claims to be polio-free is that live virus polio vaccine is causing vaccine strain polio in an unknown number of children and adults. In the absence of wild polio transmission, it was expected that the AFP rate would reduce to around 2/100,000 however that has not happened. S. 27 billion people -- recorded 741 cases of polio in 2009, no incident of the crippling disease had been reported since January 2011. Apart from India, the other countries which were given polio-free Abstract: On Feb 25, 2012, the World Health Organization director general, Dr. NEW DELHI, India, 1 March 2012 – On Saturday, 25 February, 2012, India was officially struck off the list of polio-endemic countries by the World Health Organization (WHO), having gone more than one year without reporting any cases of wild poliovirus. India announced being polio-free for one whole year today, pledging to remain "alert and vigilant" to keep the Poliomyelitis virus away forever. Sitting by a makeshift immunization booth in Baramati Taluka, Maharashtra, India, in an old government owned off-road vehicle with 4 vaccine carrier boxes, I was not thinking of halting wild polio transmission in India. WHO announced that India was taken off the list of polio endemic countries on 25 February 2012. The World Health Organization (WHO) has removed India from the list of active polio-endemic countries, following a year in which the country reported no new cases of the virus. India, which last reported a fresh polio case more than 12 months ago, now will have to remain polio free for the next two years to be judged to have eradicated the disease, WHO representative in In 2012, Polio remains officially endemic in four countries - Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and India, which is on the verge of being removed from the list having not had a case since January 2011. A polio-free India is a magnificent achievement, and it’s Rotary’s achievement,Bruce Aylward, World Health Organisation, Rotary International Convention, Bangkok, 6-9 May 2012. But while India celebrates, global health authorities are debating how to reduce the risk that vaccines containing live viruses may reintroduce the disease to places only just becoming polio-free. The declining trend (see chart) of polio cases in Bihar has been seen since 2007. Deepak Kamat to write commentary. As Maddy Fry at Time. The country reported its last case of wild poliovirus in 2011. With constant migration, an abiding reality in India there exists the remotest possibility that the virus may find its way into our environment. [pdf 2012] Polio programme: let us declare victory and move on while India has been polio-free for a year, there has been a huge increase in non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (NPAFP). But taking India off the list means that only Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan remain polio endemic. Despite so much progress, polio remains a risk with virus from Pakistan re-infecting China in 2011, which had been polio free for more than a decade. !The Government of India is committed to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative and ensures that all the required efforts and resources are provided for India to be polio-free. Ghulam Nabi Azad, India’s minister of health and family welfare, announced the decision during the Polio Summit 2012 India has been free of polio for over one year. India had the most number of polio cases According to the WHO, India accounted for 40,000 polio cases in 1980s and even in 2002, only UP accounted for 2/3 rd of the world’s polio cases. It is seen as confirmation of one of India's biggest public health successes Only about 30 years later, India appears to be polio free after an intensive, government-led vaccination campaign. In 2011, only four countries (Afghanistan, India, Nigeria and Pakistan) remain polio-endemic, down from more than 125 in 1988. To mark the occasion, the WHO presented official certification to India for its ‘Polio Free’ status. Download this FREE NCR eBook to Being in West Bengal, India on the anniversary of the country’s last polio case was extraordinary. India has been officially removed from the list of polio endemic countries. September 5th –Birthday of Dr. last country to eradicate polio. Another way the public is being misled about India's claims to be polio-free is that live virus polio vaccine is causing vaccine strain polio in an unknown number of children and adults. 13, 2011. The announcement means 80% of the world is now officially free of polio, although the disease is still endemic in But WHO issues certificate only when all members of the region become polio-free, he said. Alternate Text: The figure above is a map of the world showing the eradication of wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) genotypes during 1986-2012. India’s victory a case of polio in #India. After three consecutive polio-free years, the South-East Asia Region of WHO, comprising of 11 countries (including India), was certified polio-free on 27 March 2014. India is one of only four countries (the others are Pakistan That’s why India’s polio-free year has made headlines globally. This is a success story that needs to be told, because it The global effort to eradicate polio has been very successful and from 350,000 cases in 1988 only 40 cases were reported worldwide in 2012. And while the global program hasn’t stopped transmission of the wild polio virus everywhere as some had predicted, it did close a big gap in that last one percent when India became polio-free early in the year after a long and hard battle to protect more than 172 million children under the age of five from polio. The WHO and non-governmental organisations say there are just four countries where polio remains endemic: Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. ADVERTISEMENTS: The lone case of polio in 2011 was detected in a two year old girl in Panchla block of Howrah, West Bengal, with the onset of paralysis on 13th January 2011. Keeping the country free of polio for a whole year was a feat that is a tribute to the Government of india and its 2. 13 marks the country’s third year of being free of polio, the highly infectious disease that attacks the nervous system of children in particular and can paralyze within hours. Editorial Team | January 14, 2013 7:16 AM IST. Two weeks into 2014, and we have already received one of the best public health stories of the year: India is polio free. India News | Press Trust of India | Saturday February 25, 2012 . This is a remarkable accomplishment, considering that just 30 years ago the country recorded 200,000 cases of the disease annually, or one every three minutes. 27,28 India has recently completed the 2-year milestone of becoming polio free and is expected to receive a global polio eradication certificate in 2014. This and the fact that cases of polio caused by the oral polio vaccine (OPV) are not being reflected as polio have ensured that India is now declared "polio free" and is being showcased as a success story of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative that was launched in 1988 by the World Health Assembly. In 2011, for instance, the year in which India was declared to be polio-free, there were 47,500 known cases of NPAFP, which is a shockingly high figure under the circumstances. By the time the world is certified polio-free, Rotary’s contributions to the global polio eradication effort will exceed US$1. The last polio case due to the wild polio virus in the country was detected Just a few years ago, skepticism ran deep about the chances that India would ever be able to stop polio from paralyzing its children. The number of polio cases in the polio endemic countries of India and Nigeria declined by more than 90% in 2010 as compared to 2009. 3 billion people, was declared polio-free by the World Health Organization (WHO) in May 2014 in what was considered a landmark in the global drive to eradicate polio. That year, the non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (NPAFP) rate in India was 13. India polio-free for one year 13 January 2012 A year has passed since the last reported case of poliomyelitis in India, which occurred on 13 January 2011 in a two year old girl in Howrah, West Bengal. It is now known as AFP or acute flaccid paralysis. But today, India is on the verge of being declared polio-free. India will need to remain free of any paralysis caused by the wild polio virus for three years from the last case before it can seek WHO certification for having eradicated polio — in January 2014. This week, India has reached a benchmark 3 years without a reported case of wild polio putting them well on the way to an official polio-free status from the WHO (expected in March). The announcement was made public during a Polio Summit organized by Rotary International and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India. But today India got a boost: Jan. 29 “Inspite of the WHO declaring India polio-free, there has been an increase in the cases of non-polio paralysis. INDIA COMMUNICATION UPDATE Polio Eradication: A priority on the Government’s public health agenda The 107 highest risk Blocks in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. 3 million vaccinators, who visited over 200 million households children and reduced the number of polio cases by 99%. The country will be certified “polio-free” in January 2014 by the World Health Organization if no new cases are reported between now and then, and has already been removed from a list of countries with “active transmission of wild poliovirus. India, a country of 1. 11 2012) that “India has made unprecedented progress Before the launch of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, polio crippled an estimated 200,000 children in India each year. Since then, no other cases have been recorded over a three year period and India is set to be declared officially polio-free after samples are tested by the World Health Organization next month (3). For the dozens of Indian children who develop vaccine-induced paralysis every year, the PGEI’s recent declaration of India as nearing “polio free” status, is not only disingenuous, but could be considered an attempt to minimize their obvious liability in having transformed polio from a natural disease vector into a man-made (iatrogenic On March 27, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) is expected to certify India as a polio free country, marking more than three years since the last case of polio there. Polio is a crippling, life-threatening disease caused by the poliomyelitis virus. With this years fighting polio in India // 4 Technical toolbox: Planning polio's legacy. For India, the challenge is to stay polio-free | Business Line PT Jyothi Datta Since neighbours are stillreporting cases, the country is still at It also operates 20,000 booths providing polio vaccines to children. social mobilization in high-risk communities, most notably helping to achieve the current polio-free status of India, Angola, and Ethiopia. SEAR/PR 1551 Yogyakarta, 5 September 2012: Eleven countries in WHO’s South-East Asia Region are now on track to declaring the Region Polio free, this was recognized during an event at the WHO It comes after India officially recorded three years without a new case of polio. 2 India’s progress in becoming polio-free was a great confidence booster for all the stakeholders of the GPEI. Public Health Practice Public health success story: India reaches polio-free milestone March 2, 2012 Liz Borkowski, MPH 3 Comment The World Health Organization has confirmed that India has gone a whole year without having a new case of polio — a major milestone in a country that was once plagued by the crippling disease. India completes 3 years without any reported case of polio which make it eligible for the Polio - free Certification by WHO. 7 cases of NPAFP per under-15 population of 100,000 for each round of pulse polio. NowIndia had already achieved the milestone when it was removed from the list of Polio endemic countries by the World Health Organization (WHO) in February 2012; becoming Polio free would be amongst the biggest achievements of the country. India’ s record of going polio- free for the last three years was called “ a monumental milestone ” by The World Health Organization (WHO) has removed India from the list of active polio-endemic countries, following a year in which the country reported no new cases of the virus. The state Ministry of Health is very happy but circumspect. India’s success is the success of every child who will grow up free from polio. Message from Tom Telfer a member of ROTI or Rotarians On The Internet Just completed the first National Immunisation Day of 2012 on February 19, 2012 India in the Andhra Pradesh region. India overcame huge challenges to stop poliovirus transmission, implementing strategies with unrelenting focus and rigour, continually evaluating the India's last polio victim needs surgery. Today marks the a year since the last case of new polio infection in India -- a major step toward eliminating the virus there. The reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease. With polio endemic in two neighboring countries, Pakistan and Afghanistan, and in the more India is still threatened with polio importation from the remaining endemic countries and has to maintain high levels of polio immunization for many years to come. Now is the time. Randomized controlled clinical trial of fractional doses of inactivated poliovirus vaccine administered intradermally by needle-free device in Cuba. NEW DELHI -- India marked a major success in its battle against polio Saturday by being removed from the World Health Organization's list of countries plagued by the crippling disease. 2010;201:1344–1352. NEW DELHI — India marked a year since its last new case of polio Friday, a major milestone in a country once considered the epicentre of the disease and one that gives hope the scourge can be As we are in India, polio eradication is an issue that figures prominently in our discussions. India's Win Over Polio - WHO Officially Calls India as Polio Free Country. So in further display of its continuous objective of keeping India Polio free, the government of Japan, today signed an India is now considered a polio-free nation by the Government of India, National Polio Surveillance Project (NPSP) and by the World Health Organization (WHO)/South-East Asia Regional Office and WHO. India was the last country that detected the disabling virus on Jan 13, 2011. National pride plays no small role too. Ghulam Nabi Azad, India’s minister of health and family welfare, announced the decision during the Polio Summit 2012 In 2012, to support the eradication push, a strategic approach was introduced — the EOC. That term is used to differentiate the countries that have never managed to stop spread of polioviruses within their borders from those that have. Share. This constitutes nearly 14% of all contributions to the global budget through 2010 and represents Celebrating the occasion, the World Health Organisation said, if all pending samples for the virus test negative, India once regarded as the world’s epicentre for polio will become free of the disease for the first time in its history, reducing the number of polio-endemic countries to three: Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. 2012, and now we are in Oct. In 2013, only 3 countries remain polio endemic—Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanista. A health worker administers polio drops to a girl at a railway station during an immunization drive in Mumbai, India, Friday, Feb. Jul 29 article in The Hindu Jul 30 article in the Mumbai Mirror Danish officials see spike in beef-linked Salmonella infections The World Health Organization declared India polio-free in 2014 and its success is an example for the rest of the world. Children in a polio-free India WHO / Fred Caillette. However, the real challenge lies in eradicating polio from India To be declared polio-free by the WHO, India will have to prevent polio from resurfacing for two more years. Introduction of bivalent oral polio vaccine types 1 and 3 resulted in a dramatic decline in wild poliovirus cases to 42 in 2010 and only 1 case reported in January 2011 (2–5). Keeping the country free of polio for a whole year was a feat that is a tribute to the Government of India and its 2. It was a decision that was widely trailed in my coverage of polio Clip: 02/20/2012 | 7m 9s Health officials in India are close to wiping out polio, a disease forgotten in most of the world but still endemic in some developing countries. India announced being polio-free for one whole year today, pledging to remain "alert and vigilant" to keep the Poliomyelitis virus away forever. Are we really polio free? Suspected polio case in West Bengal! Admin | March 13, 2012 4:24 PM IST. India went from having half of the world’s polio cases in 2009 to becoming free of the disease in January 2012. The last case of wild polio virus was reported on January 13, 2011, in an 18-month old girl. Polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases then, to 1 349 reported cases in 2010. There have been sustained government attempts at polio elimination. 2012: February, Rotary International jointly with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. India was once considered the most challenging country in the world for eradicating polio because of its incredible density: it has a population of more than 1 India yesterday marked three years since its last reported polio case, meaning it will be formally certified as having defeated the scourge in a huge advance for global eradication efforts. New Delhi, March 26, 2012: Recently India was declared to be a non-Polio-endemic county but now greater vigilance is required as there are risks of this epidemic reviving back. Another way the public is being misled about India’s claims to be polio-free is that live virus polio vaccine is causing vaccine strain polio in an unknown number of children and adults. In January, India celebrated three years without a single case of polio. India has gone a full year without a new polio case, the World Health Organization announces India achieved official polio-free status in 2012 after going for a year with no cases of wild poliovirus infection. July 11, 2012. India was declared free of the wild polio virus in January 2011 however cases of flaccid paralysis continue to be reported in thousands from across the country. 4 cases of NPAFP per under-15 population of 100,000. Once considered the world's epicentre of the disease, in 2011 India did not register a single case and if the pending samples taken prove negative, the country will be officially declared free of polio. Eradication of wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) genotypes — worldwide, 1986–2012* * The two digits represent the last two digits of the year when each WPV3 genotype was last detected. Oct 24, 2012 · In February, the World Health Organization removed India from the list of polio-endemic countries, but India has two more years until it can be declared fully polio-free. Eradicating the crippling disease from India Resik S, Tejeda A, Lago PM, Diaz M, Carmenates A, Sarmiento L, et al. Abbreviations: GPEI — Global Polio Eradication Initiative OPV — oral polio vaccine WPV — wild polio virus; India completed a full 5 years as a “polio-free nation” on January 13, 2016. CONTEXT In January 2012, a fourth WHO Region (South East Asia) became polio-free as India passed theGroupe Français de liaison et d'information post-polio (French only) - "They quote Halstead book extensively, they give names of doctors in different places, they have an article on psychology where a psychologist (PPS) mentions these A-type thing but dismisses as American silliness , give administrative info about rights and such" - 03/25/200112 January 2012 | Atlanta/Evanston Poliovirus can travel easily to polio-free areas. India's extraordinary eradication of polio to become official 20 Feb 2012 “India’s success in eradicating polio is the greatest global health achievement I have ever witnessed,” he said in New Delhi: With India marking its first year without polio cases, the union health ministry has called upon the nation to ensure regular polio vaccinations of children to achieve the milestone of making India polio-free. India is still threatened with polio importation from the remaining endemic countries and has to maintain high levels of polio immunization for many years to come. By 2001, 575 million children (almost one-tenth the world's population) had received some 2 billion doses of oral polio vaccine. Three years Wild poliovirus has not been found in India since 13 January 2011 meaning that, from that date, India is no longer a country where polio is endemic. Infect Dis. Smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980. February 19-21, 2012